20 December 2013
17 December 2013
This gallary shows the history of corn from Teosinte to the present modern hybrid corn. Lancaster Sure Crop lead to future crossings and as genetic crossing progressed jumped corn up to the present day tremendous yielding corn.
05 December 2013
26 November 2013
I have added a 1 hour session for fumigation so that one can obtain 2 cat credits in all three fumigation categories.
I have also added another session on simply reading and interpretiing your soil test report. It is beginning to shape up nicely.
22 November 2013
21 November 2013
01 November 2013
- ppm to lbs/ acre multiply by 2.
- K to K20 multiply by 1.2.
- P to P205 multiply by 2.3
- 750lbs of calcium carbonate equivalent to go pH of 6
- 840lbs to get to pH 6.5
- 1000lbs to get to pH 7
Penn State Crop Management Team is again holding a 4 day series of workshops with the goal of related all the production and management research and extension information to growers. Here is the flyer for the event. Pa Soybean Workshops
We will be detailing alot of information in a short amount of time. The farmer panel is always a key portion of the program where local growers describe what varieties seem to work for them as well as their pest tactics and marketing and storage schemes. Please plan to attend!
30 October 2013
21 October 2013
18 October 2013
So far we have posted results from the short season test in south central PA and the full season tests in south central PA. These can be accessed at this site http://extension.psu.edu/plants/crops/grains/corn/hybrid-tests/2013-results/silage-hybrid-performance-data Yield and forage quality have been very good at all of these sites.
We anticipate posting the remaining data in the next two weeks.
03 October 2013
02 October 2013
Please note the following information from the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture as in Penn Ag in regards to the effects of the Federal Government shut down:
Animal Plant and Health Inspection Service - Not impacted.
Consumer Protection, Regulatory Affairs and Dairy Relations
Food Distribution - No impact unless the shutdown continues into the next calendar year except for The Commodity Supplemental food program (CSFP). We are checking on the status of this program, which provides a box of food to seniors once a month. As of Oct. 1 there were no funds. But there may be enough food inventory to carry the department through for one to two months.
The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TFAP) supplements are all in the channel right now and the administrative funds are available to run the program throughout the end of the calendar year. The TFAP program provides USDA commodities to counties and food banks for distribution to low-income residents. Distribution of the food is all handled by the private sector.
State Administrative Expense (SAE) - These funds are used to support bureau staff, bureau operations and its computer contract, (www.PAMeals.org). No impact as the bureau will have carry over funds at least until the end of the year.
Farmers Market Nutrition Program (FMNP) - No impact. Program is currently winding down. Checks are being honored until December using past fiscal (10/12-9/13) year funds.
Food Safety - All of the programs we complete in cooperation with FDA and USDA are suspended, which include COOL, Interstate Milk Inspections, FDA contracted inspections and egg inspections. Payments for work already completed are also on hold. FDA grants for special projects are not impacted.
Weights and Measures - Not Impacted.
Plant Industry - The Department of Agriculture receives federal funds from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for the pesticide program. There is nothing pending - no money due right now.
Marketing and Agricultural Development
Crop Insurance - The shutdown impacts the support outreach in the upcoming Crop Insurance Conference on Oct. 8 and training sessions. Program people who are from the federal government will not be able to travel. The shutdown may also impact the fall advertising campaign.
Numerous calls from growers sparked by articles in local media on Palmer Pigweed in Pa. I picked up a few tips today.
1. Check the proportion of leaf petiole to length of leaf....Palmer has a longer leaf stem petiole than leaf.
2. Hairs on stem or leaves? Palmer has no hairs. This is the first give away that you have red root. Most I checked have hairs. Move to next case.
3. Seed heads soft and bunchy? palmer is straight up and prickly at seed head. Seed has much longer spikelets than other pig spp
3. Axial buds with spike? No spikes on Palmer... spiny has spikes at axial. Joint where petiole meets stem.
I had a grower swear he had it. Everything lined up except the spines at the petiole junction with the stem....spiny amaranth. Still took pictures and sent them to Weed specialist.
More to come
11 September 2013
04 September 2013
01 August 2013
25 July 2013
09 July 2013
16 May 2013
07 May 2013
John F. Tooker
Department of Entomology
Penn State Extension
Penn State University
501 ASI Building
University Park, PA 16802
25 February 2013
Here we are in late February less than a month away from beginning to work on wheat pests and calibrating the sprayers and planters. I am looking at my most recent heat accumulation since Jan 1 and it appears that we are behind in heat compared to past years. Actually we have about half the accumulated heat than last season. This may have some implications for predicting the emergence of pests as well as the potential for early harvest of ryelage and alfalfa. As we move through this spring if we get some spikes in temperature we can certainly begin to move this season forward. For example a base of 41 for alfalfa as of today we have 67 heat units compared to 143 this same time last year. The historic accumulation of 94 indicates we are slightly behind. The Pa Pipe system is a great way to track. They typically get started sometime in Late March. This link will get you to where you need to view the interactive map and can be saved as a bookmark on your mobile phone or tablet PC. While some pests like it hot the Cereal Leaf Mite does not mind the cold. Here is a picture from Dr. Dively and his counts during the winter of the mite on Timothy leaves. Check it out the black are the eggs and the red are the adults. Too early spraying for these could miss alot of eggs later on.
Pa Heat Development Map